Taipei city occupies the northern portion of Taiwan, and it includes the Taipei basin in its north eastern half as well as the nearby mountains. It has a population of 2,622,125 people and covers an area of about 271.7997 square kilomaters. It is comprised of 12 city districts.‘Taipei’ originally referred to the Hsinchu area, which developed farther and farther north. After the opening of the Qing dynasty, it was first officially designated as ‘Taipei’. Later during the Japanese colonial era, the colonial government accorded it the title of ‘Taipei city’. After Taiwan’s liberation, Taiwan was designated an autonomous city and divided into 10 districts. Not long after, it was recognized as the seat of regional governance. It has since been the center of Taiwan’s politics, culture and economics for the past 56 years as the standing capital of the Republic of China.
New Taipei city
New Taipei city encircles the Taiwan basin and Taiwan city proper as well as Jilong city. Originally the area was administered by the Taipei county government, but it was designated as an autonomous city on December 25th, 2010. The environment of the region varies greatly, possessing mountains, hills, basins etc. Besides the Xueshan, Datun, and Guanyin mountain ranges, the region spans the Danshui river area to New Taipei city, stretching west to the shore, encompassing the Jilong River, and going as far south as the Xindian tributary.Besides the natural scenery of region, New Taipei city culture and industry are quite prosperous. For example, the ceramic of Yingge, the glassware industry of Tamsui and sky lantern. Moreover, New Taipei City’s possesses an abundance of popular tourist sites, like Jiufen, and Jinguashi, etc, which graciously welcome foreign visitors.
Jilong City occupies Taiwan’s northernmost coastal area. The entire city spans 132.7589 square kilometers, with terrain comprised of hills, encircled from east to west by the Jilong volcano mountain cluster and the Wuzhi mountain range. Concentrated around the primary plain and along the coast is Jilong harbor. Connecting to the seaside is the Jilong river which trails through the valley. With mountains surrounding the city on three sides, commuting in and out of Jilong and facilitating economic exchanges with other counties and regions is problematic. However, as the location of Taiwan’s 2nd largest harbor, Jilong has successfully developed a distinct maritime culture. Besides its international harbor, Jilong also has a number of historical forts, a renowned Ghost festival, famous temple snacks, and an impressive fish market. All of these things make Jilong a remarkable place to visit.
Yilan County is situated in Taiwan’s northeast, and is bordered by New Taipei city, Taoyuan, Hsinchu county, Taizhong city and Hualian County. Yilan is primarily comprised of the Lanyang plain, and bordered by mountains on three sides facing the Pacific Ocean to the east. To its west are mountain ranges that include Xueshan Mountain and Dabajian Mountain. The climate in Yilan has always been particularly rainy, and there is a famous saying in Chinese竹風蘭雨which means “ Wind in Hsinchu, and Rain in Yilan” which refers to unpredictable weather patterns that historically accompany monsoon season in the northeast of Taiwan. Besides the beautiful mountains like Loulan and Taiping mountains and recreational forest areas, the county also possesses famous hot and cold onsen springs in Jiaoxi and Suao. You can also visit the famous turtle island off the coast and possibly go whale watching in Yilan. Or there is also the option to experience some national culture exhibits provided by the National Center for Traditional Arts in Yilan.
Hsinchu is situated in Taiwan’s northwest, neighbored by Taoyuan County to its north and Miaoli County to its south. To the west is the Taiwan Strait and to its east is the Xueshan and Dabajian mountain ranges. The entire county is outlined by the Touqian river and the Fengshan river, which create an alluvial plain where most of the population resides. The rest of the county is comprised of hills and mountains.Hsinchu city is known for its traditional agricultural products such as diospyros, peach and Dongfang Meiren. Besides these Hsinchu is renowned for its Industrial Technology Research Center and its Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park district, which are an integral part of Taiwan’s development of new technologies. As for travel and sightseeing, there are a number of parks with beautiful natural environment, like the Shei-Pa National Park, the Magao National Park, the Shitou Mountain Scenic Area, and the Guanwu National Forest Recreation Area. There is also the Liufucun Theme Park that can offer visitors rest and entertainment.
Taoyuan County is located Taiwan’s northwest, and it is bordered by New Taipei city, Hsinchu County, and Yilan County. The entire county is comprised of continuous hills and mountains that encircle Taoyuan, with the highest hills to the east and south and lower hills to the north and west.Taoyuan’s natural scenery is particularly beautiful. The county also has the Dongyanshan Forest National Amusement Park, the Daguanshan Nature Preserve, and the special Lalashan Scenic Area, the Cihu Scenic Area, as well as the Shimen Reservoir Scenic Area.
Miaoli is located in north central Taiwan, bordered to the east by the Xueshan Mountain range, and on the west by the Taiwan Strait. To the north of Miaoli county is Hsinchu city and to the south is Taichung. The name of Miaoli comes from the local aboriginal group of the region, the Taokas, and a word in their language that means flat plain. …… From the Xueshan mountain range, the river flowing west has caused continuous erosion along the alluvial flood plain. Slowly over time this has resulted in the landscape which goes from mountains to the flat land to the numerous plains, from which Miaoli takes its name.Because a large number of miaoli’s residents are Hakka people, Miaoli is famous for its culture festival celebrating Hakka culture. The festival showcases things like the Hakka Tung Blossom Festival and Miaoli’s Hakka music event. Also, tourists are encouraged to try some of Miaoli county’s famous agricultural products and some associated events like the Dahu Strawberry Cultural Festival, and the Hakka Rice Food Festival. What’s more, Miaoli also offers a variety of different museums and architectural sites that make for great tourism destinations.